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A civil case begins when a person or entity (Government or corporation) brings a claim against another person which resulted in the former incurring loss or damages. The person or entity bringing the claim is known as 'Plaintiff', whereas the person or entity whom the claim is against is known as 'Defendant'. The Plaintiff would usually seek for the court to order relief in the form of damages such as compensation against the Defendant.
In the Magistrates' Court, the civil cases are presided by Senior Magistrates and Magistrates who hears civil cases ranging from personal injuries claim (including road traffic accidents and workers' compensation) to breach of contract. The Magistrates' court can hear claims up to $50,000. The case must either have occurred / arose in Brunei Darussalam, or one of the defendants reside or carries their business in Brunei, for the Plaintiff to file a claim in the Magistrates' Court.
Currently, Plaintiffs may register their case in the Magistrates' Court in Brunei-Muara, Tutong and Belait districts. For Temburong cases, plaintiffs may register their cases in the Brunei-Muara district.
The Magistrates' Court cannot hear the following claims, and
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